A literature review describes academic papers which are relevant to a particular field or topic. If you change your mind at any point, you can simply click the 'unsubscribe' link in any email you receive from us. This article needs attention from an expert on the subject. Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice the writer's should remain front and center. This provides them with means of further investigation, meaning that the reader may consider where the discussion will go next.
In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work. Instead, they summarize and critically assess a body of scholarly literature from a relatively objective perspective. Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author's point? A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. Writing Literature Reviews: A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences 6th ed. You must seek clarification from your instructor on several other things to establish the desired literature review format.
Other times, the author may have to seek out examples to prove their point. The structure of your literature review will be based on the patterns you discover. Consider the following issues before writing the literature review: Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: 1. Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute your own summary and interpretation of the literature. This is called and there are a number of sources that can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline. All contect is from The Literature Review created by Dr.
Source: Whittemore et al 2005. Selection: Selected as related to problem identified or question, Inclusion of empirical and theoretical reports and diverse study methodologies. Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review. By summarizing the existing research on your research question, a literature review reveals points of consensus and points of disagreement, as well as the gaps and open questions that remain. In other words, how can the reader take the information and apply it to today's society. Before you can write a literature review, you must immerse yourself in a significant body of research.
Also, a literature review can be interpreted as a review of an abstract accomplishment. However, sometimes there are better alternatives we can use to structure the body. However, unlike , which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terms that were coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out because they arise from your organizational strategy. As you pore over countless academic articles, consider all the researchers who preceded you and those who will follow.
A literature review is a search and evaluation of the available literature in your given subject or chosen topic area. What is a literature review? If you find yourself sorting through thousands of results every time you conduct a database search, you may need to further. What methods have they used to study the problem? A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works. A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed. A literature review may consist of simple a summary of key sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? Berkshire, Great Britain: Open University Press.
Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored. Journal of Mixed Methods Research. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. While writing, stick to exclusively analysis. Writing a Research Paper in Political Science. Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field. Please help to this article by more precise citations.
You can also review the subject indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research. Try to fit in 12 words avoiding abbreviations and useless words. Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's available about the topic, but you'll make your job easier if you first limit scope of the research problem. If you begin to see the same researchers cited again and again, then this is often an indication that no new ideas have been introduced to the research question. In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. What types of sources should I review books, journal articles, websites? Literature reviews are a form of commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? This means that while doing initial research, 5-10 different options should be selected and filtered through.
Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. All contect is from The Literature Review created by Dr. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem. The Purpose The main purpose of a literature review is to summarize and synthesize the ideas created by previous authors, without implementing personal opinions or other additional information. A literature review is a , which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic.
When Do I Know I Can Stop Looking and Move On? Well-done integrative reviews present the state of the science, contribute to theory development, and have direct applicability to practice and policy. Your title must be typed with upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper part of the page. For example, George Orwell in 1984 uses the law and order approach and shows the dangers of dystopia to a social species. It also allows you to demonstrate that you have a good understanding of the key published work in the field. This approach provides a framework of understanding at different levels i. Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronological of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published.