To prepare for the mock National Assembly session, assign each student one of the following roles: Clergy member, supportive of liberal political reforms, Clergy member, unsupportive of liberal political reforms, Member of middle-class, supportive of radical political reform, Member of middle-class, supportive of liberal political reform, member of nobility, strongly against liberal political reform, peasant, member of the urban poor, influencing the Assembly by actions outside. Not only were the royal coffers depleted, but two decades of poor harvests, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices had kindled unrest among peasants and the urban poor. It inspired a number of revolutionary movements of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that made the final end to institutions such as absolutism, feudalism, class privilege and legal inequality, and spread the principles of natural right, equality and freedom throughout the world. There was 'a necessity for a more rigorous treatment of the problems involved. On January 21, 1793, Louis was driven through the streets of Paris to a guillotine and decapitated.
The First Republic- Was the third government of the French revolution it lasted from 1793 to 1795. The French Revolution came to an end in 1815 when Napoleon lost the Battle of Waterloo. Whether historians date its emergence in 1789 or 1815--the beginning of the French Revolution or the end of the Napoleonic Era--they are in agreement that the two decades in which France upset the old European political and social order comprised a uniquely turbulent time that forms a major turning point in world history. For more information please refer to our. On August 10, 1792, a Parisian mob marched on the Tuileries the royal residence in the Louvre Palace and forced the king to flee to the safety of the Legislative Assembly. The revolutionaries would execute people by the guillotine.
On November 9, 1799 Napolean overthrew the Directory, dissolved the legislature, and instituded himslef as the leader of his dictatorship. Robespierre became responsible for 800 executions a month. Foreign financiers were recalling their debts, the harvest of 1788 was decimated by a drought and a series of hailstorms, and the brokered between France and Great Britain at the end of the Seven Years War flooded the French market with British textiles, ruining French garment production. By claiming the fortress on behalf of the revolution, they sent a powerful message to the forces of old wealth that still dominated the kingdom — the upheaval in France would not be a simple legislative reorganization, but rather a social revolution. Leading the new government was the Directory consisting of an executive council of five members.
This period debated what should be a role of the monarchy and the aristocracy within new system, annd how should be represented common men in the regards of the basic constitutional rights and equality in front of the law. The Revolution had a dramatic cultural impact in terms of building nationalism. But in the years immediately prior to the revolution, a new class of financiers — generally upwardly mobile craftsmen or landholding peasants — began to grow in the cities, threatening to replace the nobility as the most decadent of social layers. The most notable action of the Legislative Assembly was its declaration of war against Austria and Prussia in April 1792. In England Cromwell reconquered Ireland and seized. The king governed in conjunction with this body, but his own wavering vis-a-vis the Revolution, the machinations of his wife, Marie Antoinette, and a growing desire for republicanism worked to undermine the regime.
The common people thus formed their own militia of volunteers to maintain order. The King wanted to return to absolutism. Parisian women from the market district, infuriated by the unreasonable price of bread and the unwillingness of the king to cooperate with the people's demands, marched to Versailles on October 5 and demanded that they be heard. Revolting against years of exploitation, peasants looted and burned the homes of tax collectors, landlords and the seigniorial elite. She opposed the more radical groups of the revolution. Point of this section is: to explore how and why many people in France began to identify strongly with the nation, in addition to their local region, during the French Revolution.
Actually, France was ruled by the Committee of Public Safety, a twelve-man body of which Danton was the first acknowledged leader and then after Danton's execution, Robespierre. The Terror and institution of total war under leadership of the Committee of Public Safety eliminated the zeal that majority shared toward the revolution and people just tried to survive. His goal was to throw his support behind the foreign enemies of the revolution and t … urn to France, tearing the privileges that had been made. An elected Legislative Assembly took control of the government in 1791 but didn't do any better than its predecessor. The Catholic Church controlled by some estimates 8 percent of total private wealth. France was at its most powerful at this time, with Napoleon's armies taking over much of Europe. Day laborers — permitted to exist in the cities only when they could produce papers proving their employment — were stalked by royal police.
How should we remember the French Revolution? These revolutionists have hitherto been acting as an organized and nearly unanimous group, but with the attainment of power it is clear that they are not united. The first stage of the French Revolution was a moderate phase, when the absolutist monarchy was transformed into constitutional monarchy. But this glory rather distorts its historical significance. This dramatic revision in French society unleashed a chaotic process of and. Providing the first major nation in Europe with a written constitution and a code of political behavior--this was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen--the revolutionaries, in the summer of the year 1789, had already converted the king's subject into the nation's citizen. He died of natural causes in 1791, early in the revolution.
Plaque celebrating the Tennis Court Oath The commoners took what is remembered as the Tennis Court Oath, where they pledged to reform the government and write a constitution, a series of laws that said what the king could and could not do. March on Versailles Many people in Paris and the rest of France were hungry, unemployed and restless. Due to his success, the Directory gave him more responsibility. The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies. They also removed two people from the Directory, in order to ensure that the government would remain moderate.