Newspaper Articles In most cases, you will cite newspaper articles only in notes, not in your bibliography. Note the different treatment of an editor's name depending on whether the editor takes the place of an author second example or is listed in addition to the author third example. In works with no bibliography or only a selected list, full details must be given in a note at first mention of any work cited; subsequent citations need only include a short form. New York Times Book Review, June 2, 2002. Keep footnotes single spaced within entries but double-space between entries. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, remains one of the most popular books for writers because of its timeless focus on achieving these goals.
Here you are citing page 52. Footnote or Endnote print reference work 19. London: Macmillan, 1879 , 21. Joel Mokyr, review of Natural Experiments of History, ed. Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World.
You do not need not include them in your bibliography, although you may choose to include a specific work that is critical to your argument or frequently cited. Please refrain from copying or redistributing them to others. Turner to Max Farrand Jan. You can also use the ruler you may have to make it visible through the View menu and drag the left margin control over to about five spaces or one-quarter inch. Diagram: A figure, chart, or graphic design intended to illustrate or explain a principle, concept, or set of statistical data.
Footnote or Endnote, Shortened note form, following a note for a different work. Citing online sources Generally, follow the same principals of footnotes to cite online sources. The following example shows a more formal parenthetical citation. The actual note is indented and can occur either as a footnote at the bottom of the page or as an endnote at the end of the paper. Sugrue Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006 , 101—2.
Book with more than one author or editor Footnote or Endnote 5. How to Exist: How Not To Exist, 1999—2003. If you have a type of source not covered in the examples given, ask the librarian to show you the Turabian manual. You are free to purchase your own copy of the Turabian guide directly from the University of Chicago Press or via online vendors. Example Book New York: Scholastic, 2010 , 65.
However, your instructor may want you to include different elements in your footnotes. Such sources should usually be cited only in notes. Kate Turabian, the dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago for over 30 years, created a guide for students and researchers, based on The Chicago Manual of Style. You can use footnotes for paraphrased information. Type of Source Example Section 17.
Name of image: The image does not have a title or caption. Because there is no author or creator of the image noted, the title of image is moved to the first position in this reference entry example. It is presented as a model only. The initial detailed footnote contains full reference information and relevant page numbers. Foreword to The Republic of Nature, by Mark Fiege, ix-xii. Journal article Article in a print journal N: 33. In Dinosaurs under the Aurora.
The example below does not include all the possible information that could be included as video source information varies considerably. Footnote or Endnote Preceding work, same page 16. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985. If it is longer than one line, it must be double spaced. T8 Book One author N: 13.
This is a harsh statement, perhaps, as footnotes do have a single con not addressed in this paper: they sometimes cause the reader to lose their train of thought. Robert Lynd and Helen Lynd, Middletown: A Study in American Culture. Kepler Science Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2013. Notes-Bibliography Style: Sample Citations The following examples illustrate citations using notes-bibliography style. Use a new number each time you include a new quote or paraphrase, even if you use only one or two sources.