In addition to the anti-trust suits and major regulatory reform efforts, the Roosevelt administration also won the cooperation of many large trusts, who consented to regulation by the Bureau of Corporations. A treaty on the border between Alaska and Canada had been reached by Britain and Russia in the 1825 , and the United States had assumed Russian claims on the region through the 1867. He also replaced his former boss, Secretary of the Navy , with Congressman. Populist Democrats such as William Jennings Bryan expressed admiration for Roosevelt's message, and one Southern newspaper called for Roosevelt to run as a Democrat in 1908, with Bryan as his running mate. Bigness might mean simply that a firm had bested its rivals through superior efficiencies, prices, and service. Events during his first term had convinced Roosevelt that legislation enacting additional federal regulation of interstate commerce was necessary, as the states were incapable of regulating large trusts that operated across state lines and the overworked Department of Justice was unable to provide an adequate check on monopolistic practices through anti-trust cases alone. In describing Roosevelt's priorities and characteristics as president, historian G.
The Democratic Party's presidential nominee in 1904 was , the chief judge of the. Now shippers could challenge rates before the Interstate Commerce Commission and hope that, after careful investigation, they might be lowered. A presidential commission appointed by McKinley had recommended the construction of the canal across Nicaragua, but it noted that a canal across Panama could prove less expensive and might be completed more quickly. The outcome of the tribunal strengthened relations between the United States and Britain, though many Canadians were outraged by the tribunal's decision. Louis Post-Dispatch shows Roosevelt aiming a cannon at the oil trust.
Alverstone joined with the three American delegates in accepting most American claims, and the tribunal announced its decision in October 1903. Under Roosevelt's leadership, Congress enlarged the power of the Commission. As the Justice Department lacked an anti-trust division, Attorney General Knox, a former corporate lawyer, personally led the suit. The to win campaign funds from big business. As they read the speeches have them underline the places where Roosevelt talks about the benefits or good aspects of business, and have them circle the places where Roosevelt talks about the problems with trusts in America.
News of the dinner reached the press two days later, and public outcry from whites was so strong, especially from the Southern states, that Roosevelt never repeated the experiment. District Judge for the of , administered the. While the bill passed the House with relative ease, the Senate, dominated by conservative Republicans like , posed a greater challenge. On election night, as it became clear that he had won in a landslide, Roosevelt pledged not to run for a third term. The United States argued that the treaty had given Alaska sovereignty over disputed territories which included the gold rush boom towns of and. He crusaded endlessly on matters big and small, exciting audiences with his high-pitched voice, jutting jaw, and pounding fist.
. In the aftermath of the panic, most congressional leaders agreed on the need to reform the nation's financial system. That superior power was the power of the people, and of the public interest, as represented in the presidency in particular and the executive branch of the federal government in general. In January 1908, Roosevelt sent a special message to Congress, calling for the restoration of an , which had recently been struck down by the Supreme Court due to its application to intrastate corporations. Moody served on the court until health problems forced his retirement in 1910.
Russia agreed to withdrawal its forces in 1902, but it reneged on this promise and sought to expand its influence in Manchuria to the detriment of the other powers. Roosevelt's campaign proved successful, and he won congressional approval of the creation of the , which included the. When Roosevelt took office, McKinley's reciprocity treaties were pending before the Senate, and many assumed that they would be ratified despite the opposition of Aldrich and other conservatives. His key adviser and subordinate on environmental matters was , the head of the Bureau of Forestry. With all the progress that Americans made, new problems arose. Colombia had been engulfed in a since 1898, and a previous attempt to build a canal across Panama had failed under the leadership of.
Roosevelt was sworn into office on the day of McKinley's death at the in Buffalo. At far left: Roosevelt Left to right in back of table: , , , ,. However, despite its goal of encouraging fair competition in the marketplace, the act had so far been an ineffective weapon. His great love was nature and he vigorously promoted the , emphasizing efficient use of natural resources. During the discussion, Japan stated that it had no interest in the Philippines, while the U.
Knox accepted appointment to the Senate in 1904, and was replaced by William Moody, who in turn was succeeded as attorney general by in 2906. Root also changed the procedures for promotions, organized schools for the special branches of the service, devised the principle of rotating officers from staff to line, and increased the Army's connections to the. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. Warren Chessman noted Roosevelt's insistence upon the public responsibility of large corporations; publicity as a first remedy for trusts; regulation of railroad rates; mediation of the conflict of capital and labor; conservation of natural resources; and protection of the less fortunate members of society. In foreign affairs, Roosevelt sought to uphold the and establish the United States as a strong naval power. Other potential rivals for the 1904 Republican presidential nomination, including Leslie Shaw and , failed to galvanize support for their candidacies.