The Kimberley Process attempted to curtail the flow of conflict diamonds, help stabilize fragile countries and support their development. Violence Diamonds are supposed to be symbols of love, commitment, and joyful new beginnings. The Kimberley Process was at the start led by South Africa and Canada as vice president and since then every year a new chair and vice chair country are elected to maintain the legitimacy of their practices. Mining kimberllite pipe requires a more advanced degree of mining technology and is more expensive. Hence, they started their illegal mining and smuggling.
West Africa today, and a look into the future Over the summer of 2003, rebel forces brought the battle against Charles Taylor to the capital city of Monrovia, cutting off the government from the port and thus from its supply. The also maintains an office for a Special Adviser for Conflict Diamonds. Kings and queens have worn these forms of concentrated carbon and even more countless millions people over time have lusted after them. In 2008, the Zimbabwean army seized the valuable Marange diamond deposit in eastern Zimbabwe, massacring more than 200 diamond miners who stood in the way. The plant is part of a wave of foreign investments in mining, roads and buildings that have transformed the face of Sierra Leone in the past few years. Between 1991 and 2000, Sierra Leone endured a devastating civil war.
Public officials were left unpaid and, in retaliation, many looted and destroyed government property and offices. Alluvial deposits are created by diamond pipe erosion and are easily excavated. In December 2002 the was passed by the Canadian government. One of the biggest issues is people still being abused by the security forces, including rape and the use of excessive force on detainees, including teenagers. So, it's your right to ask, before purchasing the diamonds, where they have come from, because the certifications can be faked. Nearly half of the population of Sierra Leone was in one way or another displaced by the war.
She has contributed to making the commodities sector more transparent. The term refers to analogous situations involving other natural resources. I don't want my paper to be too cliche i. Others have estimated that conflict diamonds could amount to as high as 15 percent of the total trade. There are many countries involved in the illicit trading the blood diamond, Sierra Leone, Republic of Congo, Liberia, and Angola. Blood diamonds became the fuel that fed the civil war fires. But for many people in diamond-rich countries, these sparkling stones are more a curse than a blessing.
In 2010, a disputed presidential election led to a constitutional crisis. Houses are destroyed because of the civil wars. Under his watch, Sierra Leone suffered an absolute economic crisis. Its remaining case, the trial of Charles Taylor, continues in The Hague. Hope this would be useful to you. The report is credited with establishing the link between diamonds and third world conflicts, and led directly to , as well as the. For example, in Sierra Leone a group known as the Revolutionary United Front killed, threatened, and even cut off the arms of people living and working in diamond villages until they were able to take control of the mines in the area.
The huge consequences of blood diamonds still remains a mainstream issue in Sierra Leone. . Our community welcomes everyone from around the world to discuss world history, historical periods, and themes in history - military history, archaeology, arts and culture, and history in books and movies. Whether or not this is true will likely remain a mystery. It has been argued that controlling the diamond mines, rather than overthrowing the corrupt government, was the real reason behind the decade-long war.
Also, in 1820, The American Colonization Society sent freed black slaves to Liberia so that they could start a colony. But it is also true that in the past decade or so Koidu has changed beyond all recognition. But community members are still being beaten and killed, relocated families live in poverty, corruption continues, and nobody has been held accountable for past crimes. Violence still plagues many diamond mines in Africa, with armed groups using force to seize or control diamond wealth. Known as the Blood Diamond of Africa is said to be one of the most dangerous places in the world. If such diamonds can be prevented from reaching the world market, then ultimate peace could ensue, and the impoverished African nations ravished by such civil war could finally have the chance to develop. By chance he was in Koidu when I visited and although he said he never gave broadcast interviews, I managed to persuade him to say a few words.
These gems were referred to as African Blood Diamonds or Conflict Diamonds. The country is also rich in diamonds and other minerals. In fact, three-quarters of Botswana's export profits and 45 percent of the country's government revenue are produced by diamonds. Revenues from blood diamonds served to fund terrorism. Thus the nature of the war had transformed into oil against diamonds. Ethnic and Politics, Warlords, probably the most important key factors in the conflict. The law requires the publication of all contracts and transactions in the natural resource sector.