For protecting the privileges of the members of the House, the Committee on Privileges has been in existence since the inception of the Rajya Sabha. The Table given above contains the required number of representative sent by different States. The necessity of Second Chamber has been defended on various other grounds. The twelve members who are nominated by the President are the ones who gave their contribution in the specific fields. It is also for the Rajya Sabha to regulate recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to any such service. There are two indicator boards installed in the wall on either side of the Speaker's chair in the Chamber. Rajya Sabha can only discuss the budget but cannot vote on the demands for grants which is the exclusive privilege of the Lok Sabha.
There is provision for joint sitting if there is disagreement between the two Houses over any non-money bill. Rajya Sabha can only discuss the clauses in the budget. President of India Main article: The , the is a component of Parliament. Out of this, 530 members are elected from the States and 20 members are elected from the Union Territories. The Constitution provides that the maximum strength of the House be 552 members.
This contained the founding principles of the law of the land which would govern India in its new form, which now included all the princely states which had not. It is also provided that such an amendment must be approved by both the Houses by a majority of each House, as specified in the Constitution, in each case. However, in financial matters, the Rajya Sabha plays a distinctly secondary role. The Ministers remain in the office as long as they enjoy the confidence of majority of members in the Lok Sabha. The Upper House has power to punish persons committing the breach of privilege.
Members of the Rajya Sabha also elect a Deputy Chairman from amongst themselves. It is not for everyone to obtain support of the masses in a direct election for the Lok Sabha. It maintains the federal equilibrium by protecting the interests of the states against the undue interference of the Centre. Most of the ministers are also taken from the Lok Sabha. The Constitution recognises the superiority of Lok Sabha over the Rajya Sabha. Archived from on 1 June 2015.
It has been less powerful than Lok Sabha but it has been not a very weak or insignificant House. This contrast between the two houses is also reflected in the domain of Parliamentary powers and functions. The amendment made by the Rajya Sabha, may be accepted or rejected by the Lok Sabha. However, there cannot be a gap of more than six months within the two sessions of the Rajya Sabha. The Money Bills can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha. Now, the age limit is 18 By 61st Amendment Act, 1989.
Every Bill passes through three stages—called three readings—before it is passed. The Council of Ministers is in fact, responsible to the Lok Sabha. This is a limitation on the Lok Sabha. The Constitution of India divided Parliament as consisting of the President and two Houses known as the Rajya Sabha Council of States and the Lok Sabha House of the People. The Rajya Sabha participates in the election of President and Vice-President. The number of representatives sent to the Rajya Sabha by States is fixed in proportion to their respective population.
The incompatibility between the powers of two houses is due to their role expectations. It is expected to perform certain specific functions. Rajya Sabha is a permanent body that cannot be subjected to dissolution. Only one member can speak at a time and all speeches are directed to the Chair. Maximum number of members 552 Members 250 Members Minimum age for being a member 25 years 30 years Introduction of Money Bill Only in Lok Sabha After the bill is approved in the Lok Sabha it is sent to the Rajya Sabha for consideration.
They are Firstly, The Rajya Sabha may by a resolution supported by not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting confer the power on the Parliament to legislate on matters cited in State list in view of national interest Article 249. Legislation: As regards ordinary legislation both the houses enjoy co-equal powers. The bill as passed by the Lower House for the second time will be treated to have been passed and sent to the President for his approval. There can be a few members in the Lok Sabha that can be nominated by the President. The Speaker presides over the sessions of the House and regulates procedure.