Or How was Rowlett Act opposed by the people in India? Rebellion in the Countryside: The peasants had to do begar and work without pay in the farms of oppressive landlords. Answer: Different social groups joined the Civil Disobedience Movement. Explain the issue behind the Khilafat Movement Ans. Some of the Muslim political organizations in India were also lukewarm in their response to the Civil Disobedience Movement. Who organized the Depressed Classes Association and what were the aims of this association? The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter. Blocked the exit points and opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds. Or The place where Gandhi organized a Satyagraha in support of the peasants of Gujarat in 1917.
Rich peasant communities —like Patidars of Gujarat and the Jatts of Uttar Pradeshwere active in the movement. Mahatma Gandhi introduced this concept during his stay in South Africa. Kheda Satyagraha, 1917: Gandhiji led the movement in Kheda district of Gujarat, demanding relaxation of the revenue tax owing to the poverty experienced by the farmers because of the outbreak of plague and crop failure. Broke the salt law, manufactured salt and demonstrated in front of government salt factories. This promoted Indian textile mills and the production of handloom went up Question 31. One rule, one set of laws, administrative officials were appointed and transferred by the British Government all over India. Aftermath of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? On 6 April, he reached Dandi and violated the law, manufacturing salt by boiling sea water,This was the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
MahatmaGandhi started his historic march from Sabarmati Ashram. Public reaction to the incident took a violent turn in many north Indian towns. In Madras, Natesa Sastri published a collection of Tamil folktales the Folklore of southern India. Idea of nationalism also developed through a movement to revive Indian folklore. How could Non-Cooperation become a movement? Describe the main features of Lahore Congress Session of December 1929. Strikes, clashes with the police and attacks on government buildings were extensively witnessed. Abanindranath Tagore portrayed Bharat mata, as a calm, composed and spiritual figure.
April, 1930: Abdul Ghaffar Khan was arrested? Mahatma Gandhi first tried the weapon of Satyagraha in South Africa. Or The place famous for the movement of Indigo planters. The rise and growth of Indian nationalism has been traditionally explained in terms of Indian response to the stimulus generated by the British Raj through creation of new institutions, new opportunities, etc. The Idea of Non Cooperation include that if the Indians refused to cooperate British rule in India will would collapse within a year and swaraj would come. Explain the three main Satyagrahas launched by Gandhi 111 India. State any three points of difference.
Jallianwala Bagh: The atrocious killing of hundreds of innocent people by the British at Jallianwala Bagh had made the Indian masses resentful towards the British rule. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, 13th April, 1919. Indian folk songs and folk sung by bards played an important role in making the idea of nationalism. They were caught by the police and brutally beaten up. December, 1920 Nagpur : Non-cooperation programme adopted by the Congress. But since all the members in the commission were British, the Indian leaders opposed the commission.
Which social groups participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement and why? Gandhiji in 1919 decided to launch a nationwide satyagraha against Rowlett Act 1919 B. Explain the role of women in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Now the Britishers were also full of vengeance and the helpless and innocent Indians became the victims of their vengeance. Answer: Refer to answer 7 Question 89. Racial Jealoucies: During the Mutiny the relations of the Europeans and the Indians were greatly embittered.
There were strikes, classes with the police and attacks on government buildings. March, 1919 Bombay : Khilafat Committee was formed with leaders such as Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali. Gandhi called off Civil Disobedience and attended Second Round Table Conference, but returned empty-handed. Thus the educated Indian gradually became politically minded and expected much from the Britishers who had taken the lead in the world in supporting the cause of Liberalism. Or Examine the background of the Poona Pact of 1932 in the light of differences between Gandhi and Dr. Why could not the Congress give full support to their demands? They became of the opinion that the colonial government is working here only for its self. Therefore, he started the Non Cooperation Movement.
Peasants refused to pay revenue and chaukidari taxes. Answer: Refer to answer 14 Question 30. Answer The Salt March was an effective symbol of resistance against colonialism because it was done in revolt against a commodity- salt, used by the rich and the poor alike. What steps were taken by Colonial Government to suppress the growing nationalism in India? Social and Economic Bases of Nationalism : 1. He wanted separate electorates for Dalits.
The most important demand was to abolish the salt tax. Trace the events that led to Poona Pact between Gandhi and Ambedkar. The tribal peasants were deprived of their livelihood and their traditional rights were denied. Movement slowed because khadi cloth was often more expensive than mass- produced mill cloth and therefore, expensive for the poor people. Why were the Indians outraged by it? In which year was kheda Satyagraha organized? Revising notes in exam days is on of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days. When was Civil Disobedience Movement launched? What did the image of Bharat Mata painted by Abanindranath Tagore portray? The Indian Press played a notable role in mobilising public opinion, organising political movements, fighting out public opinions and promoting nationalism.