The various motivational and promotional measures for adoption of small family norms appear to convey that the women will bear the burden of population control rather than men. Maternity Benefits Scheme run by the Department of Rural Development to continue. Our results indicate that wealth status, level of education, ownership of health insurance, number of surviving children, marital status, location and geographical area of residence, religion and women autonomy are significant correlates of contraceptive use in Ghana. Though this group had prepared the draft of the new population policy in 1994, it was reviewed in 1999 by the Family Welfare Department and was passed by the Parliament in 2000. Creches and child care centres to be set up for income generating activities by village level self-help groups who provide community level health care services. Achieve 80 per cent institutional deliveries and 100 per cent deliveries by trained persons.
It contains the goals and the target to be achieved by 2010. Reduce the maternal mortality ratio to below 100 per 100,000 live births; 5. The formation of an Empowered Action Group within the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to focus on those States which are deficient in national socio-demographic indices. Make school education up to age 14 years free and compulsory, and reduce drop outs rate from primary and secondary school levels to below 20 percent for both boys and girls. The new policy will be implemented by the Panchayats and municipalities at the grassroots levels.
However, as a need was felt for a National Population Policy, an expert group under Dr. This slowed down the family planning programme. Achieve 100% registration of births, deaths, marriage and pregnancy. Progress in the Milestones of the National Population Policy of India: 1. Under it, the couples were given advice on different types of family planning methods to be adopted.
The freeze is currently valid until 2001, and has served as an incentive for State Governments to fearlessly pursue the agenda for population stabilisation. A group was asked to prepare a draft of a National Population Policy in 1993 which was headed by Dr. Sterilisation for males and females was still not a popular contraceptive choice. In April 1996, all the districts in India were declared as target-free. Over 800 million people in Africa, Asia, and Latin America live in slums.
However, the intelligensia in India was aware of the problem of growing population and did advocate birth control. Population study was to be introduced as a subject in school and adult education. It is based upon the need to simultaneously address issues of child survival, maternal health, and contraception, while increasing outreach and coverage of a comprehensive package of reproductive and child heath services by government, industry and the voluntary non-government sector, working in partnership. Unlike China, we have resorted to voluntary participation in population control measures;hence efficacy of these measures would depend on the ability to convince people to have a smaller family. Products and services to be made affordable through innovative social marketing schemes. However, this policy has been criticised on the following grounds: 1.
Study volunteers received invitations to complete a one-time, three-part questionnaire. Promote delayed marriage for girls, not before 18 and preferably after the age of 20 years. National Socio-Demographic goals have been formulated which in each case are to be achieved by the year 2010. To implement it, monetary incentive was given to couples undergoing sterilisation. Please direct correspondence to Dr. Predominantly women-centred programmes to meeting the health care needs of the family with emphasis on involvement of men in Planned Parenthood; Table 18.
The projections appear unrealistic considering the example of China which attained replacement level of total fertility rate in 1990. The policy took note of the fact that the growth in population was due to the large size of the population in the reproductive age, high fertility due to inadequate availability of contraception, high wanted fertility due to high infant mortality rates and most of the girls marrying below the age of 18. The increase is almost equal to the population of Brazil 19. A Committee on Population under the Chairmanship of Shri Karunakaran was appointed by the National Development Council in 1991. This frightening growth rate of population has aggravated the problems of poverty, unemployment and inequalities.
Population policy in general refers to the policy intended to decrease the birth rate or the growth rate. A wider affordable choice of contraceptives to be made accessible at diverse delivery points with counselling services to enable acceptors to exercise voluntary and informed consent. Bhore Committee, 1943 Government of India in 1943 appointed a Health Survey and Development committee under the chairmanship of Sir Joseph Bhore. Achieve 100% registration of births, deaths, marriage, and pregnancy. Soils contaminated with Pb cause sharp decline in crop productivity thereby posing a serious problem for agriculture Johnson and Eaton, 1980.